From God to Newton and The Reconcilation of Science and Theology

By Tu Alex Mingchuan It is common sense that in the so-called “Dark Ages” of the medieval Europe, theology predominated in all the area from theocracy to regalia and became the absolute authority in the spiritual world of European. Science was left no space in the magnificent palace ruled by theology and was seen as […]

Continental Philosophy

By Ron Reda Beginning in Europe, the response to Hegelian idealism spread out across the European continent but also into the United States where it became known as Continental philosophy. Analytic philosophy was the preferred tradition in England. At the same time in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, pragmatism was being developed in the United […]

The General Philosophical Framework of Rosenzweig’s Thought

By Zadok Krouoz The unique framework of Franz Rosenzweig The philosophy of Franz Rosenzweig is one of the most interesting and surprising innovations of modern thought, both general and Jewish. There exists a background of distinguished modern Jewish philosophers from Moses Mendelssohn, the first philosopher of modem thought who systematically defined the essence of Judaism, […]

German Philosophers

By Philip Beech German Culture: German Philosophers German and German speaking philosophers have made vast contributions to philosophy, and through philosophy, to the course of world history. Perhaps the most influential were the ‘great triumvirate’ of Kant, Hegel and Marx. Other noteworthy philosophers include Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Heidegger and the Nobel prize-winner Hermann Hesse. One of […]

Seeing God in Leviathan – The Riddle of Hegel’s State Theory

By Thomas Mueller The present article, which appeared in the international journal Folia Humanistica, Ciencas – Artes – Letras (Barcelona, Tomo XXI, Num 245, Junio 1983) was edited by Linus Pauling, and appeared in translation of the original English into Spanish. It concerns the primary unsolved problem of modern political systems, first accurately identified by […]

The Philosophy of Language For High Impact Communication and How to Be Coached to Ultimate Success

By Andre Zizi Two most important traditions have empowered the study of language in their separate and very different ways; however, the two topics of the study of language are hotly debated by linguists like the sort of synthesis of philosophical grammar and structural linguistics begins to develop. The two most important traditions of study […]

“What is a Game” He Asked

By Lance Winslow Recently, in reading the book; “This is Your Brain On Music,” by Daniel J. Levin, the author was discussing how humans commit things to memory based on their perceptions of the world from their many observations and experiences. In putting forth his well-founded argument on page; 141 where he talks of philosopher […]

Language Games – Blue vs Brown

By David M. Price Here’s one I like from the Blue Book: “I shall in the future again and again draw your attention to what I shall call language games. These are ways of using signs simpler than those in which we use the signs of our highly complicated everyday language. Language games are the […]

Wittgenstein’s Private Language Argument

By Graeme Alan The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy defines the private language argument as the assertion that “a language in principle unintelligible to anyone but its user would be unintelligible to the user also” (Private Language Argument – pp 693). Supposedly, the idea of a private language came to Wittgenstein through a published lecture of […]

Notes on Wittgenstein’s Blue Book

By David M. Price The following is a transposed and modified version of the notes I took on Wittgenstein’s Blue Book while researching for my senior thesis. My senior thesis was on intentionality–in particular, theories of mental content–so there are some interpretations of the text that are motivated by my research into that area of […]

Spinoza, the Man Who Changed Judaism

By William Nugent Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) was a Dutch Jew born in Amsterdam. He is more commonly referred to by the Latin version of his name: Benedict de Spinoza. Early in life he acquired a deep interest in the philosophy of Rene Descartes and other ideas that conflicted with Judaism. He was formally excommunicated from […]

Steps in Relating

By Tim L Kellebrew Steps in Relating: An Essay on Martin Buber, The Dialogical Relation, and Loving Those of you who know my training, background and education, and perhaps some of my academic writings, already know that my mentors and teachers included among them a number of philosophers, existentialists, and psychotherapists and healers. Some of […]